Additional Measures

Assistance to Participate Scale (APS)

Bourke-Taylor, H.M., Law, M., Howie, L., & Pallant, J.F.

The APS is a brief, psychometrically sound instrument that measures the assistance that a school-aged child with a disability requires to participate in play and leisure activities at home or in the community, from the primary caregiver's perspective. The APS may be used as an outcome measure and to evaluate and predict the amount and type of additional assistance families need to facilitate their child’s participation in an important aspect of the child’s daily life and development: play and recreation.

Articles:

Bourke-Taylor, H. M., Law, M., Howie, L., & Pallant, J. F. (2009). Development of the Assistance to Participate Scale (APS) for children's play and leisure activities. Child: Care, Health and Development, 35(5), 738-745.

Bourke-Taylor, H. M., Howie, L., & Law, M. (2010). Impact of caring for a school aged child with a disability: Understanding mothers' perspectives. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 57(2), 127-136.

Bourke-Taylor, H. M., & Pallant, J. F. (2013) The Assistance to Participate Scale to measure play and leisure support for children with developmental disability: Update following rasch analysis. Child: Care, Health and Development, In Press.

Child's Challenging Behavior Scale (CCBS)

Bourke-Taylor, H.M., Law, M., Howie, L., & Pallant, J.F.

The CCBS is a brief, psychometrically sound instrument that measures a mother’s perspective of the challenging behaviours presented by her child with a disability. The 9-item CCBS can assist identifying the mother-child dyads who may be in need of more support and interventions.

Articles:

Bourke-Taylor, H. M., Howie, L., & Law, M. (2010). Impact of caring for a school aged child with a disability: Understanding mothers' perspectives. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 57(2), 127-136.

Bourke-Taylor, H. M., Law, M., Howie, L., & Pallant, J. F. (2010). Development of the Child's Challenging Behaviour Scale (CCBS) for mothers of school aged children with disabilities. Child: Care, Health and Development, 36(4), 491-498.

Bourke-Taylor, H. M., Pallant, J. F., & Law M. (2013). Update on the Child’s Challenging Behaviour Scale following evaluation using rasch analysis. Child: Care, Health and Development, In press

Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM)

The Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) is a measurement tool that assists therapists in using a family-centred approach to service delivery by indicating the family's priorities. Two CanChild members are authors of the COPM. It assists therapists in using a client-centred approach to service delivery by indicating the family's priorities. It thus enables therapy to be individualized and targeted to the areas of greatest need and offers an effective system of measuring the outcomes of therapy.

This measure is available from the Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists (CAOT).

Daily Activities of Infants Scale (DAIS)

Doreen Bartlett and Jamie Kneale Fanning

The Daily Activities of Infants Scale (DAIS) is designed to measure the variation in opportunities that parents provide their infants in terms of the development of antigravity postural control and movement exploration over a 24-hour period, through their daily activities. Psychometric testing has been completed on the DAIS and it has been found to be a reliable and valid parent-completed measure.

Bartlett, D.J., Fanning, J.K., Miller, L., Conti-Becker, A., & Doralp, S. (2008). Development of the Daily Activities of Infants Scale: A measure supporting early motor development. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 50(8):613-617.

Focus on the Outcomes of Communication Under Six (FOCUS)

The FOCUS© is a measurement tool designed to measure change for preschool children receiving speech and language therapy. It links speech and language treatment to the child’s ability to communicate and participate in their world. The FOCUS© was created at the Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital. The development team included researchers from the Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Centre, CanChild and Laurentian University. The FOCUS© is a valid, reliable responsive treatment outcome measure that consists of 50 items and takes 10 minutes to complete. There are two versions of the measure, one designed for parents and one designed for speech-language pathologists.

To read more about the FOCUS©, click here: http://research.hollandbloorview.ca/Outcomemeasures/FOCUS

Health Promoting Activities Scale (HPAS)

Bourke-Taylor, H.M., Law, M., Howie, L, & Pallant, J. F.

The Health Promoting Activities Scale (HPAS) is a brief, psychometrically sound instrument that is clinically relevant and appropriate for research. The HPAS measures the person’s estimation of the frequency with which they participate in self-selected leisure occupations that promote or maintain health and well-being. The HPAS was developed for mothers of children with disabilities. The HPAS allows professionals to evaluate clients’ participation in leisure occupations that are associated with subjective health, particularly mental health.

Articles:

Bourke-Taylor, H. M., Howie, L., & Law, M. (2010). Impact of caring for a school aged child with a disability: Understanding mothers’ perspectives. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 57(2), 127-136.

Bourke-Taylor, B., Law, M., Howie, L., & Pallant, J. F. (2012). Initial development of the Health Promoting Activities Scale to measure the leisure participation of mothers of children with disabilities. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 66, e1-e10. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2012.000521





Spinal Alignment and Range of Motion Measure (SAROMM)

The SAROMM is a measure of posture and flexibility. Reliability and validity testing conducted for children with cerebral palsy is reported in Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology.

The SAROMM manual can be accessed here:

Articles:

Bartlett, D., & Purdie, B. (2005). Testing of the spinal alignment and range of motion measure: A discriminative measure of posture and flexibility for children with cerebral palsy. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 47(11), 739-743.

Wright, M, & Bartlett DJ. (2010). Distribution of contractures and spinal malalignments in adolescents with cerebral palsy: Observations and influences of function, gender and age. Dev Neurorehabil. 13(1), 46-52.